Research and Presentations

SELECTED RELATED RESEARCH

Manuscripts, Papers and Chapters

Salmon, J.D. (submitted).   Factors Determining Short-Term Work Retention of Injured Workers. Disability and Rehabilitation. Ipswich, England.

Salmon, J. D. & Gouws, J. (in preparation).  A practical biopsychosocial model of impairment and occupational disability determination: Ontario motor vehicle accident jurisdiction.  Invited article, Psychological Injury & Law.  

Salmon, J. D. (in preparation).  Comparative numerical rating methodologies and case law considerations for mental/behavioural Catastrophic Impairment determination: AMA impairment guides methods vs. California model.

Salmon, J.D., Crump, L. & Zakzanis, K.K (June, 2016). The Rehabilitation Outcome Measurement System: TBI advantages at the client, clinic, systemic and evolving best practice levels. 2016 World Congress on Brain, Behaviour and Emotions presentation and poster.

Salmon, J. D., Gouws, J. & Pickin, H. (in press, Fall Quarter). A practical biopsychosocial model of impairment and occupational disability determination: Ontario motor vehicle accident jurisdiction, Part III. Invited article, Health Law in Canada.

Salmon, J. D. Gouws, J. & Bachmann, C. (in press, Summer Quarter). A practical biopsychosocial model of impairment and occupational disability determination: Ontario motor vehicle accident jurisdiction, Part II. Invited article, Health Law in Canada.

Salmon, J.D.& Zakzanis, K. K. (June 2016). Measuring Physical, Cognitive and Functional Impacts of Psychopathology: Spin-offs of comprehensive outcome measurement and shared community database. 2016 World Congress on Brain, Behaviour and Emotions presentation and poster, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Salmon, J. D., Gouws, J. & Bachmann, C. (May 2016). A practical biopsychosocial model of impairment and occupational disability determination: Ontario motor vehicle accident jurisdiction. Invited article, Health Law in Canada.

Salmon, J.D., Haller, S., Grimes, K., Sama, M., & Zakzanis, K. K.  (May, 2015). Measuring Physical, Cognitive and Functional Impacts of Psychopathology: Spin-offs of comprehensive outcome measurement and shared community database.  Invited poster presentation, Global Mental Health Conference, CAMH , Office of Transformative Global Health & University of Toronto Psychiatry.

Palucka, A.M., Celinski, Salmon, J.D., & Shermer, P. (2011).  Emotional intelligence: Contributors to resilience and resourcefulness.  Wayfinding Through Life’s Challenges: Coping and survival creative response to challenge: The primacy of resilience and resourcefulness in life and therapy, Volume II. Kathryn Gow & Marek J. Celinski, Eds., Nova Science Publishing.

Salmon, J. D. & Celinski, M.J. (2011).  Rehabilitation survey of problems and coping: A brief measure of health resilience and resourcefulness.  Invited chapter in K. Gow, Ed. Continuity versus creative response to challenge: The primacy of resilience and resourcefulness in life and therapy, Volume II. Nova Science Publishing.
 
Salmon, J. D. & Celinski, M.J. (2010).  Measuring coping versus symptom intensity: Implications for clinical practice.  Invited chapter in K. Gow, Ed. Continuity versus creative response to challenge: The primacy of resilience and resourcefulness in life and therapy, Volume I. Nova Science Publishing.

Celinski, M.J. & Salmon, JD (2008).  Resilience to Trauma Scale. Scale and model are presented as book appendices and reviewed in the Chapter “Measuring resilience to psychological outcomes of natural disasters: More questions than answers”.  In K. Gow and D. Paton (Eds). The Phoenix of Natural Disasters: Community Resilience. New York: Nova York: Nova Science Publishers Inc.

Celinski, M.J., Salmon, J.D. Jr. & Allen III, L. (2007). Social Intelligence Test-Revised. CogniSyst. Inc. Durham, NC.

Salmon, J. D. & Celinski, M.J. & Young, G. (2007). Considering course and treatment in rehabilitation: Sequential and dynamic causality. Invited chapter in G. Young, A. W. Kane, & K. Nicholson, K. (Eds.), Causality in psychological injury: Presenting evidence in court (pp. 243-257). New York: Springer.

Palucka, A.M., Celinski, M.J., Allen III, L.M., Salmon, J.D., Jr., Spik, A., Dobrzynski, M. & Shermer, P. (November, 2007).  Norming the Social Intelligence Test-Revised (STI-R): New norms and applications. Poster session presented at the 27th Annual Conference of the National Academy of Neuropsychology, Scottsdale, Arizona.

Celinski, MJ, Salmon Jr., JD, Allen III, LM, Palucka, A, Antczak, E (2006). Social intelligence test – revised as a neuropsychological instrument.  Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology.  Vol 21 (6) & Poster presentation to the National Academy of Neuropsychology, 26th Annual Convention.

Hammett, C., Greene-Black, J., Salmon, J.D., & Mascarenhas, G. (2005).  Benchmarking: A Guide to hiring and managing persons with learning disabilities.  Adult Learning Disability Employment Resources, Toronto.

Salmon, J. D. (2005).  The role of cognitive assessments in the workplace. In, Hammett, C., Greene-Black, J., Salmon Jr, JD, Mascarenhas, G, Benchmarking: A Guide to hiring and managing persons with learning disabilities.  ALDER, Toronto.

Salmon, J. D. (2005).  Neurovocational strength clusters. InHammett, C., Greene-Black, J., Salmon Jr, JD, Mascarenhas, G, Benchmarking: A Guide to hiring and managing persons with learning disabilities.  ALDER,Toronto.

Salmon, J.D.  (2005).  Assessing for Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder.  Information brochures for Learning Disabilities Association of Ontario (LDAO).

Salmon, J.D. & McMullan, E. (2005).  Supporting parents in early child development: Research and resources. Centre for Family, Child & Adolescent Advancement (CFCAA), Toronto, ON.

Salmon, J.D. & Bigalow, B. (2005).  Recent developments in the effects of early parental intervention and subsequent adaptation of children, adolescents and adults with commonly diagnosed learning disorders: An indictment of poverty and dysfunctional parenting. Centre for Family, Child & Adolescent Advancement (CFCAA), Toronto, ON.

Salmon, J. D.  (2004).   Addressing client schemas & determining reasonable & necessary intervention: Concepts and measurement.  Invited submission for Rehab Review, Fall 2004.

Salmon, J. D.  (2004). Rehabilitation Outcome Management System (ROMS): A software/internet based tracking and monitoring system of rehabilitation and health outcomes. Rehabilitation Research, Education and Evaluation Services (RREES), Inc, Toronto.

Celinski, M.J., Salmon, J.D., Jr., Medved, M., & Wosinski, M. (2004, November). Social Intelligence Scale in neuropsychological clinical practice. Paper presented at the 24th Annual Conference of National Academy of Neuropsychology,Seattle, Washington.

Salmon, J. D. (2003). Rehabilitation Outcome Measurement System (ROMS) User’s Manual Version 1.0. RREES Inc, Toronto.

Salmon, J.D.  (2003). Recovery from Whiplash and Brain Injury.  A guide and workbook for injured persons, their loved ones and caregivers.  RREES Inc, Toronto.

Salmon, J.D.  (2003).  Understanding muscle contraction headaches: Headache management and coping self-help guide and poster series.  MultiHealth Systems, Toronto.

Salmon, J.D. (2003).  Overcoming Attention/Concentration Difficulties in Learning Disabilities and other Cognitive Disorders.  ALDER Newsletter, Fall, 2003. 

Salmon, J.D., & Celinski, M.J.  (2002). Rehabilitation Survey of Problems & Coping (R-SOPAC): A Coping Measure & Technical Manual.  MultiHealth Systems, Toronto.

Celinski, M.J., Salmon, J.D., & Denis, D (2002).  The new scale for measuring changes of behaviour in post-traumatic rehabilitation. In Psychologia w Perspektywie XXI Wieku. Proceedings of XXXI Convention of The Polish Psychological Association, Lublin,5th-8th September 2002.  Abstract of the presentation, p.62.

Millikin, C.P., Shore D., Rourke B.P., Fisk J., Salmon, J.D. & M. Celinksi (2001). Cluster analysis of MCMI and MCMI-II in traumatic brain injury.  Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 16 (8), p. 744 (abstract & poster presentation). 

Salmon, J.D.  Celinski, M.J. (2001). Reliability, validity and base rates of a self-rating symptom and coping survey for posttraumatic and postconcussive conditions. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 16 (8), p. 768 (abstract & poster presentation). 

Salmon, J.D.  (2000). Neuropsychological Evaluation Summary and Rehabilitation Strategies:  A series of self‑help educational materials for patients.  MultiHealth Systems, Toronto.

Salmon, J.D.  (1999). Rehabilitation Activities of Daily Living Survey (R-ADLS) & Manual.  RREES Inc., Toronto.

Salmon, J.D. (1998). Rehabilitation Checklist (RCL): An Awareness of Disability Measure & Technical Manual.  MultiHealth Systems, Toronto.

Salmon, J.D. (1998). Pre/Post Condition Life Event Survey (PPCLES).  RREES Inc., Toronto.

Salmon, J.D. (1998). LECB/LTD Overexposure the problem: Are you choosing your earning capacity assessment tools well? Sibley & Associates, Rehabilitation Review and Research Series, 1(1).

Salmon, J.D.  (1997).  Residual earning capacity & employability assessment: Why transferable skills are not enough.  Canadian Association of Rehabilitation Personnel Newsletter, February.

Salmon, J.D.  (1996) Rehabilitation, Education and Coping Series: A series of self‑help educational materials for patients.  MultiHealth Systems, Toronto.

Celinski, M.J. & J.D. Salmon (1991).  Towards a comprehensive model of rehabilitation in Ontario.  The OntarioPsychologist, 6(17).

Millikin, C.P., Shore D., Rourke B.P., Salmon, J.D. & Celinksi, M.J. (In review). Empirically Derived MCMI and MCMI-II Subgroups in Two Workers’ Compensation Traumatic Brain Injury Samples.  


PRESENTATIONS, WORKSHOPS & INTERVIEWS

February 2014  Invited speaker/attendee Ontario Ministry of Finance, Office of the Minister, 2014 Pre-Budgetary Review Town Hall Meeting. 

May 2013        Cognitive Impairments in mTBI and Mental Health: Myths and realities.  Invited speaker, Ontario Association of Speech-Language and Audiologists Annual Conference.

May 2012          Co-presented to Ontario Legislature, Standing Committee on General Government, Select Committee on Auto Insurance, on topic of impact of 2010 regulatory changes with regard to Catastrophic Impairment entitlement, non-Catastrophic serious injuries and rehabilitation implications (Dr. M. Unarket, co-presenter).

January 2012    Malingering vs Credibility: A call of caution and robust clinical analysis.  Invited speaker, Canadian Academy of Psychologists in Disability Assessment, Annual Meeting.

February 2012   Disability management and return to work: Practical integration of clinical and vocational principles. Invited seminar leader, Canadian medical conference, Costa Rica.

October 2011  CAT Assessments: Updating case law re mental/behavioural, Desbiens & pain disorder ratings.  Post September 2010 SABS educational seminar for legal community. A RREES Inc. sponsored event.  

October 2011     Vocational Rehabilitation of Brain Injured Persons: A conceptual framework, principles and practical methods. Invited lecture Neuropsychology Rounds, York University, Toronto.

June 2010        Clinical/vocational outcome measurement guided rehabilitation: A multi-disciplinary clinical coordination based approach.  Invited speaker for the 2010 Canadian Vocational Rehabilitation Association Annual Convention, Niagara Falls, Ontario.

May 2010          Evolving case law informed Catastrophic Impairment rating methodology and medical-legal perspectives. RREES/Bloomington Medical and Rehabilitation Seminar for personal injury legal professionals, Toronto, Ontario.

June 2009          A practical biopsychosocial model of impairment and occupational disability determination: Ontario motor vehicle accident jurisdiction.  Invited speaker (Dr. J. Gouws, co-presenter) First Interdisciplinary Conference on Psychological Injury and Law (PIL): Trauma, Psychological Injury, Law: Controversies and Advances, Toronto, Ontario.  

February 2009 Co-chair/organizer for integrated full day symposium entitled: Cross-cultural integrative framework for psychotherapy practice; and, Applying cross-cultural concepts to clinical service provision within the Canadian South Asian community.   InvitedOntario Psychological Association (OPA) Annual Convention symposium. (Drs. J. Pilowsky, K. T. Tsang, P. Kanagaratnam, A. Pillai and A. Biswas co-presenters)

February 2009   Catastrophic impairment, disability analysis and case law perspective. Invited panelist  for OPA MVA Task Force Symposium, OPA Annual Convention. 

February 2009   State of the Art  Methodology & Case Law Evolution of GOS
and Mental/Behavioural Catastrophic Ratings.  Invited speaker, North York Rehabilitation Centre, Catastrophic Assessor Training Seminar.

May 2008         The ubiquitous nature of post-concussive, relative to general injury/stress related symptomotology: Cumulative research findings.  Invited presentation for Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Symposium, Canadian Academy of Psychologists in Disability Assessment (CAPDA), Toronto.  (Dr. M. Celinski co-presenter)

February 2008  Diversity in Psychology: Are we moving towards directing those that we serve? Drawing on examples from the Canadian Aboriginal, Hispanic, Asian and Disability communities.  Ontario Psychological Association Annual Convention symposium Chair. (Drs. J. Pilowsky, C. Chovas, A. Pillai, & Bonny Cann co-presenters)

February 2008   Pre/Post 104 week disability determination: Case law and best practices.Invited speaker for OPA MVA Task Force Symposium, Ontario Psychological Association Annual Convention. 

January 2008   Considering course and treatment in rehabilitation: Sequential and dynamic causality.  Invited presentation for Ontario WSIB regional medical and adjudication staff, also webcasted.  Drs. Marek J. Celinski and Gerald Young co‑presenters.

Semi-annual 2007 – Present     AMA Guides & Catastrophic Impairment Rating Certification Program.  Dr. Salmon is a senior faculty member (for medical specialists and rehabilitation professionals participants) providing didactic sessions on clinical methodology, case law & interpretive challenges for rating under Catastrophic Impairment Glasgow Coma Scale, Glasgow Outcome Scale, Brain Impairment and Mental/Behavioural criteria. 

Sept 2007        Catastrophic Impairment advanced training: Glasgow Outcome Scale and AMA Guides mental & behavioural disorders ratings. LifeMark Health. 

Oct. 2007        Outcome measurement: From concept to implementation.  University of Toronto, Department of Occupational Science & Occupational Therapy & Rehabilitation Sciences. Invited lecturer. 

June 2007        Catastrophic impairment training workshop: Clinical methodology, case law & interpretive challenges for rating under Glasgow Outcome Scale and Mental/Behavioural criteria.  Invited speaker to designated Catastrophic Impairment Training Workshop for Canadian Academy of Psychologists in Disability Assessment (CAPDA).

May 2007         Clinical training to facilitate a unique model of in-home parenting and life skills intervention for staff of Native Child & Family Services of Toronto.  (1.5 days; CFCAA staff co-facilitators)

May 2007        Mental health diagnoses in the context of, and differential diagnosis relative to learning disabilities.  Invited speaker, ALDER, Toronto.

April 2007       Learning and cognitive disabilities in an Aboriginal context: Parental advocacy & enhancing your child’s inner being.  Invited speaker.  Saugeen First Nation Family Wellness Conference.

April 2007       A comprehensive review of learning and cognitive disabilities in a vocational rehabilitation context: Diagnoses, accommodations & intervention strategies  Half- day workshop.  Invited speaker, Jewish Vocational Services, Toronto.

Jan. 2007         Double invisibility: Learning disabilities and mental health, interviewed by and article by Carter Hammett.  Communique:  The publication of the Learning Disability Association of Ontario Volume 37(1), Fall/Winter.  LDAO, Toronto.

Fall 2006         Mental Health Claims Management Seminar I: An introduction and overview.  Invited speaker, St. John’s Rehabilitation Hospital, Disability Claims Management Seminar Series.  

Fall 2006         Post 104 Week Disability Determination and Benefit Exposure Minimization.  Invited speaker, Motors Insurance.

Winter               Provided training sessions on revised clinical protocols to CAT DAC/IE         

2006/2007         Occupational Therapists involved in Catastrophic Impairment assessments, with respect to functional/home assessments in context of Glasgow Outcome Scale and Mental/Behavioural Disorders (AMA Guides) criteria.

Salmon, J. D.    (2005).  Invited panel participant: “The role of assessment: Panel discussion”.  Strategies to Employment for People with Disabilities. Strategic Employment Solutions (SES).

Fall 2003          The principles of outcome measurement and application to Ontario’s new motor vehicle accident (MVA) legislation.  Invited speaker, Ontario Psychological Association MVA Task Force workshop on Bill 198.

Feb. 2003          The Anticipated New OCF-18: How will you be measuring outcomes? Ontario Psychological Association Annual Convention symposium. (Dr. M. Celinski co‑presenter).

Feb. 2003        Operationally Defining Symptom Coping: Its relationship to symptom intensity, psychopathology and function, within Symposium on Resiliency, Coping and Trauma. Ontario Psychological Association Annual Convention symposium. (Drs. L. Mainwaring & M. Celinski, co‑presenters).

Feb. 2001        New rehabilitation assessment instruments: Brief, comprehensive, valid & efficient.  Ontario Psychological Association Annual Convention symposium. (Co-Chair, Drs. M. Celinski, G. Sitarenios, P. Miller, J. Parker co‑presenters)

May 1999        Post 104 Week Disability DAC assessment under Bill 59.  Canadian Association of Rehabilitation Personnel (Ontario) Annual Conference.

Nov. 1998       Mental and behavioural disorders Catastrophic Impairment criteria and protocols. Bill 59 Insight Conference.  Toronto.  Invited speaker.

July 1997         Psychosocial aspects of disability management.  Invited speaker, Disability Management Seminar (Sibley & Associates/Vision Claims Management).  

June 1997        Principles of causality determination in Psychological Disability DAC/IE assessments.  Invited speaker for Rehabilitation Symposium at Canadian Psychological Association annual conference.  (Dr. J. Pilowsky chair)

June 1997        Bill 59: A Medical and Rehabilitation DAC perspective.  Moderator.  National health facility broadcast sponsored by Telemedicine Canada. (Drs. L. Mermigis, M. Gadon panelists)

May 1997        Bill 59: A Medical and Rehabilitation DAC perspective.  Moderator.  Telemedicine Canada’s national health facility broadcast. (Drs. H. Becker, H. Grisdale panelists)

April 1997       Employability assessment: A multidisciplinary approach.  National health facility broadcast sponsored by Telemedicine Canada. 

Feb. 1997        Catastrophic impairment and psychological treatment protocols under Bill 59.  Invited speaker to Ottawa Accumed Seminar (Dr. M. Lacerte co‑presenter)

Feb. 1997        DAC/IE Treatment protocols and their role in the development of a Bill 59 treatment plan. Invited speaker for Ontario Psychological Association Annual Convention Symposium on Bill 59,.Toronto.

Feb. 1996        Disability determination, treatment criteria, & outcome measurement in         rehabilitation psychology. Ontario Psychological Association Annual      Convention Symposium on Bill 59.  Toronto.

Feb. 1995/       Neurovocational assessment and intervention.  National health

May 1996        facility broadcast sponsored by Telemedicine Canada.

Feb. 1995        Neuropsychological assessment and treatment in the Ontario correctional system: A proposed study & program to the Ontario Ministry of Corrections.  Ontario Psychological Association Annual Convention. (Drs. M. Celinski, V. Poplovski co‑presenters)

May. 1995       Brain injury management and treatment system and services within the Ontario Workers’ Compensation Board. Invited speaker for Brain Injury Rehabilitation Conference.  Chedoke‑McMaster Hospitals. 

May 1995        Neurovocational assessment in mild brain injury.  Invited speaker for University of Western Ontario Conference on Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Disability (Sutton Place Hotel).

May 1995        Managing psychological disabilities in the workplace.  Invited speaker for Canadian Institute Conference on Disabilities In The Workplace.

May 1994        Hearings on the Status of Wellness of Brain Injured Persons sponsored by the Ontario Head Injury Association for the Ontario Legislature.  Queen’s Park. Invited presentation on comprehensive WCB clinical management system (Drs. D. Bodasing, W. Horsey, A. MacArthur, co‑presenters)

April 1994, 1995       Neurovocational assessment and rehabilitation.  Invited lecturer for University of Western Ontario Faculty of Medicine Continuing Vocational    Rehabilitation Educational Series 1994.  London, Ontario.

Feb. 1994        Individualized Written Rehabilitation Plan:  Determining clinical and vocational rehabilitation barriers and priorities.  Invited panelist for Insurance Institute of Ontario professional seminar.  Royal York Hotel, Toronto.

Feb. 1994        Individualized Written Rehabilitation Plan:  Determining clinical and vocational rehabilitation barriers and priorities.  Invited speaker for Canadian Association of Rehabilitation Personnel, Ottawa Chapter.  Ottawa, Ontario.  (Dr. M. Lacerte, L. Desjardin co‑presenters)

July 1993         Accident specific and non‑specific psychological disorders among industrially injured workers.  Poster presentation.  American Psychological Association Annual Meeting.  Toronto, Ontario.  (S. Kimel, J. Pilowsky, M. Celinski, co‑presenters)

June 1993        Rehabilitation and treatment of traumatic brain injury.  Invited speaker for Annual Clinical Day for Workers’ Compensation Board physicians.   

July 1992         Physical or Psychological Trauma:  Which is a better predictor of post‑traumatic psychopathology in head injured patients?  25th International Congress of Psychology, 19‑24 July 1992, Brussels.  (Dr. M. Celinski, co‑presenter)

Feb. 1992        Rehabilitation and neuropsychology in the ’90’s and beyond.  Paper presented at Ontario Psychological Association Conference symposium:  Projected directions of psychological practice.

Feb. 1992        Impact of injury scale, symptomatology and psychopathology in back and head injured patients.  Ontario Psychological Association Conference. 

Dec. 1991        Neuropsychology:  Unveiling the black box.  Grand Rounds presentation, Whitby Psychiatric Hospital.  (Ms. N. Vondell, co‑presenter)

Oct. 1991         Ethnicity, psychopathology and physical trauma.  III Congress, World Association for Psychosocial Rehabilitation, Montreal, October 13‑16, 1991 (S. Bacal, J. Pilowsky, M. Celinski, co‑presenters)

June 1991        Bacal, S., Pilowsky, J., Celinski, M. J.,& Salmon, D. (1991, June). Bodily Injury and Psychopathology. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Canadian Psychological Association, Calgary, AB

Feb. 1991        Therapeutic optimism and cognitive schemas in industrially injured back patients. Paper presented at the Ontario Psychological Association Annual Conference. (Drs. M. Celinski and M. Lacroix co‑presenters)

Jan. 1991/          Organic Brain Disorders:  An overview and clinical perspective. 

Dec. 1989          Invited lecturer for the Alfred Adler Institute.

June 1990        New scales for differential, clinical and neuropsychological assessment and for psychological impact of injury.  Adapted paper presented as part of symposium:  Psychology and Compensation:  Assessment and treatment issues at annual Canadian Psychological Association convention, Ottawa.  (Dr. M. Celinski, co‑presenter).

April 1990       Analysis of applicability of sensory integration theory in the assessment and treatment of adult persons with brain injury.  Research poster presentation at World Federation of Occupational Therapists:  10th International Congress, Melbourne, Australia.  (Dr. M. Kulkarni, co‑presenter)

1988‑1990       The role of psychovocational evaluation measures in the rehabilitation process.  Numerous full day training workshops for WCB caseworkers/ rehabilitation counsellors at head office and in regional offices.

Sept. 1989       Rehabilitation of the mild to moderately head injured.  Invited lecturer for Ontario Society of Occupational Therapists‑Neurology Interest Group.

June 1989        A comprehensive approach to the rehabilitation of the mild to moderate head injured.  Workshop presentation at the 4th Canadian Congress of Rehabilitation.  (Dr. M. Celinski, co‑presenter)

June 1989        Sensory integration and cognitive rehabilitation: Towards a theoretical framework for clinical intervention.  Rehabilitation Rounds lecture -Downsview Rehabilitation Centre.

May 1989        Time‑related psychodynamics within the frontal lobe syndrome.  Research poster presentation at Perspectives on the Frontal Lobes:  Research, Remediation and Reintegration Conference.  (Dr. M. Celinski, co‑presenter)

Feb. 1989        An introduction to vocational (psychometric) assessment. Training workshop for new case managers of Rehabilitation Management Inc.

Feb. 1989        Severity of post‑concussion symptoms in ethnic populations.  Research paper presented at Ontario Psychological Association Conference symposium: Ethnicity factors in psychology.  (Dr. M. Celinski, co‑presenter)

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